Cardiovascular Health

Cary Healthcare Associates Preventative ServicesCardiovascular health relates to the health of the heart and blood vessels. It also relates to the health of organs that are critically dependent on a strong blood supply. Maintenance of cardiovascular health and prevention of cardiovascular disease can only be resolved with lifestyle changes and not with drugs. Drugs can only ever be used for very short-term relief due to their dangerous side effects.

Major cardiovascular diseases are:
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Peripheral vascular disease.
The main underlying causal mechanism of cardiovascular disease is atherosclerosis, a process caused by local inflammation resulting in a protective build-ups of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the inner lining of the arteries. It is most serious when it affects the blood supply to the heart (causing angina or heart attack) or to the brain (causing a stroke).

Cardiovascular problems, or problems that affect the heart and blood vessels, are some of the greatest overall health problems in the United States and worldwide. Overall, heart disease, sometimes called coronary artery disease, is the No. 1 killer of both men and women in the United States. Heart attack, when the heart suddenly stops working, is another major problem related to cardiovascular health. And there are many more conditions that can affect the heart or blood vessels and impact cardiovascular health.

The major, preventable risk factors for cardiovascular disease are:
  • Tobacco/Smoking
  • Chronic inflammation
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Insufficient or too much physical activity
  • Stress/worry
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Poor nutrition
  • Diabetes